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South Africa must step up HIV prevention: report

first_img2 April 2014 While South Africa is on the right track when it comes to HIV treatment, testing and prevention of mother-to-child transmission, the country needs to step up its prevention efforts in order to curb the high rate of new HIV infections, according to the latest report on national HIV prevalence, incidence and behaviour. Released in Pretoria on Tuesday by Health Minister Aaron Motsoaledi and Science and Technology Minister Derek Hanekom, the South African National HIV Prevalence, Incidence and Behaviour Survey 2012 found that an estimated 6.4-million South Africans were living with HIV/Aids in 2012. This represented an increase in the country’s estimated overall prevalence of HIV from 10.6% in 2008 to 12.2% in 2012. And with over 400 000 new HIV infections occurring in 2012, South Africa ranks first for HIV incidence in the world. The 2012 survey is the fourth in the series of national HIV household surveys conducted by a consortium of scientists led by the Human Sciences Research Council (HSRC), including the Medical Research Council, both statutory research agencies.World’s largest antiretroviral treatment programme According to the survey, the increased prevalence of HIV is due not only to new infections, but also to successfully expanded antiretroviral treatment (ART) programme, which has had a major impact on the survival of people living with HIV. Over 2-million South Africans were on ART by mid-2012, the survey found, suggesting that the country is on its way towards universal access to treatment. “South Africa is currently implementing the largest antiretroviral treatment programme in the world. This is a very positive development,” one of the study’s four principal investigators, Professor Thomas Rehle, said in a statement. “Unfortunately, with over 400 000 new HIV infections occurring in 2012, South Africa also ranks first in HIV incidence in the world. There is a need to balance treatment and prevention efforts in the country.” HSRC chief executive Olive Shisana, another principal investigator, said the disproportionately high HIV prevalence among South African women and unmarried cohabiting couples “require a rethinking of conventional approaches of HIV prevention towards strategies that address the underlying socio-cultural norms in the affected communities”. The HIV incidence rate among South African women was of particular concern, the study found. Among young women aged 15-24 years, this was over four times higher than for young men in the same age group. And with an HIV incidence rate of 4.5%, black African women aged 20-34 years had the highest HIV incidence of all the country’s population groups.Increases in some risky sexual behaviours Compared with 2008 data, there were trends for a decline in condom use in all age groups, except for the 50 years and older group, and an increase in multiple sexual partnerships among sexually active people aged 15 years and older in 2012. In addition, over three-quarters (76.5%) of survey respondents aged 15 years and older believed that they were at low risk of acquiring HIV infection. One in 10 of these people were already infected without knowing it. Furthermore, the overall knowledge about how HIV is transmitted and prevented had also declined, from 30.3% in 2008 to 26.8% in 2012. “The increases in some risky sexual behaviours are disappointing, as this partly accounts for why there are so many new infections still occurring in South Africa,” said principal investigator Professor Leickness Simbayi. “We must therefore keep reminding South Africans to avoid being complacent when it comes to HIV prevention and to continue to engage in safer sex practices in order to prevent new infections. This is a must, especially in this new era of ART, if we are to benefit maximally from combination prevention involving biomedical, social and behavioural, and structural interventions.”Improved attitudes towards people living with HIV On the positive side, there was a slight drop in HIV prevalence among young people aged 15-24 years, from 8.7% in 2008 to 7.3% in 2012. And as a result of the country’s successful prevention of mother-to-child transmission programme, HIV infection levels in infants 12 months and younger fell still further, from 2.0% in 2008 to 1.3% in 2012. The attitudes of South Africans towards people living with HIV have also improved considerably since 2008, possibly because of the wider availability of ART in the country, as well as the fact that many people have been tested and know their HIV status. Professor Demetre Labadarios, the study’s fourth principal investigator, said this finding “shows a very positive development in our national response to HIV/Aids and must be strongly commended as it contributes towards normalizing HIV/Aids as a disease”. SAinfo reporterlast_img read more

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JCARR sends water changes back to ODA

first_imgShare Facebook Twitter Google + LinkedIn Pinterest By Joel Penhorwood, Ohio Ag NetThe Joint Committee on Agency Rule Review (JCARR) met on Monday in the latest of the ongoing matters regarding Gov. John Kasich’s executive order to designate eight Ohio watersheds as “distressed.”JCARR voted 8-1 to send the rule back to the Ohio Department of Agriculture due to the proposed amendments to the Ohio Administrative Code possibly being in conflict with the legislative intent of the statue under which they were proposed.“What this essentially means is it will give us a chance to work with the new administration on these rules and there won’t be that pressure to get these things run through like it was being done under Gov. Kasich,” said Tony Seegers, director of state policy for Ohio Farm Bureau. “It went just as we had hoped it would. The committee, after our testimony and testimony of others, agreed with us and decided to tell the agency what’s called revise and refile the rule, so that rule has gone back to the Department of Agriculture.”Seegers said Farm Bureau and other ag groups had several concerns from a rule-making perspective.“Our first argument was it exceeded the statutory authority of the agency. Basically our argument is that the definition of agriculture pollution does not include commercial fertilizer and they were trying to regulate commercial fertilizer as an agriculture pollutant. It violated statutory intent for the same reasons. We said the justification for the rule in the business impact analysis was faulty because basically the report they relied on to designate eight sub-watersheds in the Western Lake Erie Basin was faulty,” he said. “Therefore, if those are faulty and that’s the reason why you’re doing these rules, then it’s based on a faulty premise. Also the fiscal analysis was not accurate because they said it would only add $1.5 million in state expenditure and would require only one additional person in each of the 13 counties for these areas. Our argument is it’s going to take a heck of a lot more staff and a lot more money.”Seegers said there is some optimism to the issues down the road with a new incoming administration.“Farm Bureau has been continuing to work on this water quality issue with all of our commodity folks and other partners, including the Nature Conservancy and other environmental groups,” he said. “We will definitely continue on in this new administration to work on these issues.”The full text of the JCARR finding is as follows:In accordance with Ohio Revised Code 106.022, the Joint Committee on Agency Rule Review finds that proposed amended versions of Ohio Administrative Code 901:13-1-11, 901:13-1-19, and 901:13-1-99 which were before the joint committee on December 10, 2018 may be in conflict with the legislative intent of the statute under which they were proposed (ORC 106.022 (B)) and that the department has failed to demonstrate that the regulatory intent of the proposed rules justifies its adverse impact on business (ORC 106.022 (F)) and but for this authorization, may have resulted in a recommendation to invalidate. Therefore, the joint committee authorizes the Department of Agriculture the opportunity to revise and refile the proposed rules to avoid these possible deficiencies. As stated in ORC 106.022, the Department is afforded a maximum of 30 days from the date of receipt of this finding to review this authorization and make any needed revisions before refiling the rules with the Joint Committee.In a statement, ODA Director of Communication’s Mark Bruce said, “We’re disappointed in this latest delay but we will continue to work and do what we can to improve the health of Lake Erie. The department is hopeful our recent efforts have started conversations for meaningful action, from all parties, that will accomplish our shared goals of improved water quality in Lake Erie and across Ohio.”Representative Steven Arndt spoke on the issue of water quality at the Ohio No-Till Conference on the day following after the announcement.“We passed the Clean Lake 2020 back in May and unfortunately, not any money has been utilized or directed at all,” Arndt said. “I can tell you probably within the next several days, we’ll be pulling the rulemaking process out of the Clean Lake 2020 to speed it up. By the end of the year, we’ll be releasing one third of the resources for the soil and water districts to start laying out those plans and strategies on those specific watersheds of getting those specific types of improvements — whether it’s a controlled water facility, an edge of field treatment, variable rate technology and subsurface placement — those plans will start to be worked on now immediately with the soil and water conservation districts. That was the hope with the Clean Lake 2020, to get the money out there on the street, making decent improvements now as opposed to having protracted the rulemaking process. It’s a good thing. The new administration will certainly have the ability to help us continue to drive this investment back home.”JCARR members include: Larry Wolpert – Executive Director of JCARR; Sen. Joe Uecker – JCARR Chairman; Rep. Mike Duffey – JCARR Vice Chairman; Frank Strigari – Senate Majority;  Chief Legal Counsel Mike Lenzo – House Majority;  Chief Legal Counsel David Miran – Department of Agriculture; Legal Counsel Julie Hartzell –Applications Group Manager, LIS; and Megan Cummiskey – Assistant Deputy Director, LSC.last_img read more

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7 Basic After Effects Skills Every Editor Should Know

first_img2. Easy Motion TrackingIn this tutorial by Michael Tierney, we go over some of the very basic and easy ways to work with motion tracking in After Effects. Pay attention because a lot of these same principles will stay relevant and helpful in application as you learn more advanced techniques later on.In the meantime, even this simple technique is a great way to round out your After Effects skills, and it can really up the value of your projects and is great to add to client videos.3. Quick Tips for Compositing Using After Effects SkillsWhen first starting out in After Effects, some of these early techniques can be great tools in adding that extra level of dynamics to your regular Premiere Pro projects. One way to really showcase some added value is by creating your own titles with even the most basic of compositing techniques.Follow along with the tutorial above, and be sure to download the free project file here.4. Export Transparent Background VideosIn this tutorial by Justin Odisho, we get a course in how to create and export transparent background videos in After Effects. This is especially helpful when combined with techniques from the tutorial above, and can be great for creating and using your own custom lower thirds.5. A Beginner’s Guide to RotoscopingWhile “rotoscoping” as a term itself might scare some potential editors away, it’s actually not that scary and a surprisingly intuitive technique to master. In this accessible and simple beginner’s guide video tutorial, you can learn some of the basic techniques of working with masking and Roto Brush tools for some simple rotoscoping tricks.Read up on the full step-by-step article here.6. Learn to “Float Yourself”For many video editors and aspiring visual effects artists, the allure of learning After Effects skills comes from a desire to create some of those mind-bending, jaw-dropping visuals you often see online and on social media.If you’re looking to try out something a little more advanced and outstanding, this tutorial by Peter McKinnon can show how to create the viral “float yourself” effect. And it’s not as tricky as you might think.7. Create 8-Bit Pixel ArtThis is definitely one of the cooler After Effects skills tutorials we’ve produced here at PremiumBeat, but here are some straightforward, effective, awesome guides to creating 8-bit pixel art for your videos or projects. This tutorial goes over the following eight tools:PosterizeCC Block LoadTintGridPosterize TimeVideo FootageAlpha Channel FootageInstalling the After Effects 8-Bit Game PresetYou can follow along with this full write-up here.Cover image via “Tutorial: Getting Started with Content-Aware Fill in After Effects.”If you’re still hungry for more After Effects learning, tutorials, and tricks, check out these articles.How to Animate via Audio Frequencies in Adobe After Effects7 Useful Ctrl and Cmd Key Shortcuts in Adobe After EffectsTutorial: Getting Started with Content-Aware Fill in After EffectsHow to Create a Mid-’90s DV Camcorder Look in After EffectsExporting Video With An Alpha Channel for Transparency in After Effects Missing some After Effects skills? Here are some tutorials that teach all the basic knowledge you’ll need for working with the program.When first getting started in the world of video editing, NLE editors like Adobe Premiere Pro and Final Cut Pro can seem like the be-all-end-all of video editing knowledge. However, as you continue to grow — and do your research into how to master the programs — you quickly learn that video editing using After Effects skills can actually be pretty straightforward and fun.Then, once you think you have everything figured out, you’re introduced to the powerful behemoth of digital video effects, motion graphics, and compositing that is Adobe After Effects. And while some of your basic editing knowledge might serve you in some ways, learning After Effects skills really is a completely different beast. And to master it as well, you’ll need to change your thinking and focus.So, for those looking to take these first steps into really understanding how After Effects works — and for those who are ready to truly unlock the power of Adobe’s flagship motion effects platform — here are seven in-depth tutorials to teach you the basics and hone your skills.1. Animating with Trim PathsLooking for a fun and simple tutorial to dive into while working with After Effects? Well, try out this one on how to animate with trim paths! The desired effect can be really quite cool and a very impressive animation to add to any project. Plus, many users just developing their After Effects skills users might not be aware that this technique exists.Here’s a complete step-by-step breakdown on how to unlock this hidden feature for making precise adjustments to your shape layer paths. You can use this effect for any of the following:InfographicsMap RoutesText BoxesText StrokesCircle Burstslast_img read more

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Haryana Congress ex-chief Ashok Tanwar quits party

first_imgThe Congress on Saturday suffered a setback as former chief of Haryana unit Ashok Tanwar resigned from the primary membership ahead of the October 21 Assembly polls after alleging “conspiracy to eliminate all leaders groomed by Rahul Gandhi”. Announcing his resignation on Twitter, the former Congress leader posted his four-page resignation letter addressed to party president Sonia Gandhi in which he alleged that the “Congress is going through existential crises, not because of its political opponents but because of serious internal contradiction”.“I, after several months of consideration, tender my resignation from the primary membership of the Congress party, which I nurtured from my sweat and blood. My fight is not personal but against the system which is destroying the grand old party,” the letter said.“In the last few years, numerous conspiracies are being hatched to eliminate all those young leaders who have been groomed by Shri Rahul Gandhi in the last one and half decade. Unfortunately, most victims of this conspiracy may not have the courage to stand up, but I think it is my moral duty to resist, oppose and expose this onslaught.” Mr. Tanwar was upset after being replaced by Kumari Selja and being denied ticket to contest the Assembly polls. On Wednesday, he had openly protested outside the Congress chief’s 10 Janpath residence here, alleging irregularities and corruption in ticket distribution.But his letter has brought to the fore again the divide between the older generation of leaders and the younger lot seen to be close to former party chief Rahul Gandhi. Similar charges were levelled by former Mumbai Congress chief Sanjay Nirupam, former Jharkhand chief Ajay Kumar who joined the Aam Admi Party (AAP), former Tripura chief Pradyot Dev Burman who stepped down from his party post and cricketer-turned-politician Navjot Singh Sidhu who resigned as a Minister after a tiff with the Punjab Chief Minister. The party, however, played down the conspiracy charges and advised leaders to exercise restraint. Asked about the comments by Mr. Nirupam and Mr. Tanwar, former Union Minister Manish Tewari said on Friday party colleagues should “not resort to kite flying by floating conspiracy theories”.Sources told The Hindu that instead of focussing on inner-party squabbles, the Congress is keen on taking on Chief Minister Manohar Lal Khattar government with targeted campaigns. After launching Pehle Report Phir Vote (First Report Then Vote) where the Opposition party had asked the government to present its five-year report card, the party has launched the Khattara Sarkar (rickety government) campaign as a pun.“With consistent deceptions & lies, Khattar Govt has shown Haryana that it must do away with #KhattaraSarkar to progress & leave misrule in the past!” tweeted Ms. Selja on Saturday.last_img read more

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Kiefer Ravena ‘very excited’ to play for Guiao at NLEX

first_imgCPP denies ‘Ka Diego’ arrest caused ‘mass panic’ among S. Tagalog NPA Japan ex-PM Nakasone who boosted ties with US dies at 101 Stronger peso trims PH debt value to P7.9 trillion One of the most sought after prospects in the game today, Ravena believes that joining the draft is the culmination of all of his work back from his days playing for Ateneo.“It’s all for this. We look forward to this day since we all started playing.”FEATURED STORIESSPORTSWATCH: Drones light up sky in final leg of SEA Games torch runSPORTSSEA Games: Philippines picks up 1st win in men’s water poloSPORTSMalditas save PH from shutoutRavena, who is projected to go second after Fil-German big man Christian Standhardinger, said he’s more than ready to play for whichever team he suits up for.But he admitted that the possibility of playing for coach Yeng Guiao at NLEX, which holds the No. 2 pick, makes him giddy. Read Next Brace for potentially devastating typhoon approaching PH – NDRRMC LATEST STORIES Kammuri turning to super typhoon less likely but possible — Pagasa Standhardinger says he will be at PBA Draft after missing combine QC cops nab robbery gang leader, cohortcenter_img Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. READ: Guiao eyes Standhardinger, Ravena as NLEX’s draft pick“If ever NLEX picks me, I’m excited to be under coach Yeng. I’ve been under a fiery coach before such as coach Jamike (Jarin), and I guess that was a good practice for me. But I don’t think coach Jamike is anywhere close to how coach Yeng is,” said the 23-year-old guard.“I’m very excited and I’ve talked to coach Yeng a couple of times prior to the combine, so hopefully everything pans out. If ever I go number two, I’ll be with him in NLEX.”Ravena cleared he will give his best effort to whichever team picks him.“For us, as long as we get our foot inside the PBA, we’ll control what we can control which is how we play, and that is giving 110 percent for the team that will pick us,” he said.ADVERTISEMENT MOST READ Kiefer Ravena surveys the floor during a scrimmage at the PBA Draft Combine at Gatorade Hoops Center. PBA IMAGESAfter giving it much thought, Kiefer Ravena feels that the timing is just right for him to enter the PBA.“I really thought about this with my family and a decision that really took so much time. Once I submitted my papers, I knew my future is already here,” Ravena said.ADVERTISEMENT Kin of Misamis Oriental hero cop to get death benefits, award — PNP Typhoon Kammuri accelerates, gains strength en route to PH Trending Articles PLAY LIST 00:50Trending Articles00:50Trending Articles00:50Trending Articles01:37Protesters burn down Iran consulate in Najaf01:47Panelo casts doubts on Robredo’s drug war ‘discoveries’01:29Police teams find crossbows, bows in HK university01:35Panelo suggests discounted SEA Games tickets for students02:49Robredo: True leaders perform well despite having ‘uninspiring’ boss02:42PH underwater hockey team aims to make waves in SEA Games View commentslast_img read more

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10 months agoMarcos Llorente: My future at Real Madrid…?

first_imgTagsTransfersAbout the authorCarlos VolcanoShare the loveHave your say Marcos Llorente: My future at Real Madrid…?by Carlos Volcano10 months agoSend to a friendShare the loveMarcos Llorente insists he’s not thinking about his options at Real Madrid.The midfielder was all set to leave next month, only to force his way into coach Santiago Solari’s plans in recent games.Asked about his situation in Abu Dhabi, Llorente replied: “I do not have that in mind. “Now we have the Club World Club – which is very important for us. “We want to win it anyway, that’s what I think about and nothing else.” last_img read more

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Minister Falconer Hails Jamaica’s No. 1 Press Rating

first_imgMinister with responsibility for Information in the Office of the Prime Minister, Senator the Hon. Sandrea Falconer has hailed Jamaica’s number one standing in Press freedom in the Western Hemisphere as “a significant recognition of Jamaica’s democratic tradition and our sacred regard for Press freedom”. The Minister was reacting on Wednesday, January 30, to the just-published global report on Press freedom by the highly regarded Parish-based Reporters Without Borders, which showed that Jamaica has overtaken Canada as the country which boasts the highest level of Press freedom in the Western Hemisphere. Jamaica is ranked 13th in the 179-country ranking, ahead of the United States (32), Britain (29), Canada (20) Germany(17) and Switzerland (14). Minister Falconer said that legislation, such as the Access to Information Act, and the Broadcasting Commission and Radio Re-diffusion Act, as well as Government policy to open up and diversify the media landscape, has considerably strengthened the foundations of Press freedom in Jamaica. She reiterated the commitment of the Government to table in Parliament, before the end of this legislative year, a Bill which will eliminate criminal libel and increase freedom of speech.  The Minister said the Government is “resolutely committed” to the preservation and advancement of Press freedom in Jamaica, as it sees Press freedom as inextricably linked to democracy. “This Government will do nothing to impede the work of journalists in the exercise of their duties on behalf of the people and acting as watchdogs of our democracy,” she pledged. She pointed to the restructuring of what was the Cabinet Press briefing to what is now the Jamaica House Press briefing, where  journalists have wider access to public officials as well as Government Ministers. Senator Falconer added that there have been regularly scheduled meetings with Government communicators across all ministries, departments and agencies, “with my clear instruction that journalists must be given access to information and must be facilitated in their work of informing the Jamaican people.”  She said the robustness of the Jamaican press is one of the things which the entire country could be proud of, in a world where many people do not enjoy these rights. She noted that Jamaica’s ranking in the latest Reporters Without Borders survey is an improvement on the 2012 Freedom of the Press report by Freedom House, where Jamaica was ranked 22.last_img read more

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Shares of Ballard Power Systems up after responding to short sellers report

first_imgVANCOUVER – Shares of Ballard Power Systems Inc. shot up in early trading after the company fought back against a short seller’s report that questions the company’s prospects.Ballard shares were up 65 cents at $4.36 in early trading, up nearly 18 per cent from Friday’s close.The fuel cell company says it expects to report record annual revenue of approximately $120 million, based on preliminary unaudited financial statements for its 2017 financial year.Last week, Spruce Point Capital released a report on Ballard with a “strong sell” recommendation.That was followed by two days of declines for Ballard shares, which dropped 13.4 per cent on Thursday and 8.6 per cent on Friday.Ballard says the short-seller’s report “contained a number of unsubstantiated forward-looking statements, assumptions and opinions, as well as other statements and assertions that are simply false.”A conference call to review its fourth quarter and full-year results is set for March 1.Companies in this story: (TSX:BLDP)last_img read more

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Chetwynd Hospital to experience temporary diversion over Labour Day weekend

first_imgCHETWYND, B.C. – Northern Health has issued a notice in regards to the operation of the Chetwynd Hospital this Labour Day weekend.According to Northern Health, the Chetwynd Hospital must go on diversion for 12 hours this weekend.Northern Health says this temporary suspension of emergency room services will be from 7:00 p.m. Sunday, September 1 to 7:00 a.m. Monday, September 2, and is due to a lack of available registered nursing staff. During this time, community members requiring urgent medical care are asked to call 9-1-1 for ambulance assistance or to make their way to the nearest hospital of their choice.People who need non-emergency health advice and information can call HealthLink BC at 8-1-1, or visit healthlinkbc.ca.last_img read more

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Israeli Newspaper: Palestinian Land Doesn’t Belong to the Jews

first_imgTaroudant, Morocco- According to the Palestinian Safa News Agency, the Hebrew language newspaper Yated Ne’eman published an article Thursday morning under the title: “This land is not registered in the Land Registry for the people of Israel,” refuting the Israeli and Jewish people’s claim to the land.The newspaper, which is affiliated with the United Torah Judaism movement, a Jewish orthodox movement, posed the following question: “The pressing question is to whom does this land belong?” The author provided an answer to his query saying, “We should not make a mistake; this land is not registered in the Land Registry in the name of the Israeli people and the Jewish people have no legal claim to this land, so this land is owned by others.” A snapshot of the articleAccording to the same source, the article generated “scathing criticism from other Jewish parties,” accusing the newspaper’s editors of “serving Hamas’s agenda through publishing such an article”.The author of the article quoted Moti Yogev, a member of the Knesset for the Jewish Home party, which is a far-right and religious zionist political party in Israel, as saying, “We must first and foremost answer the pressing question: who are the owners of this land?”Following the latest round of discussions led by John Kerry to revive the peace process between Israel and Palestine, US attempts have be unfruitful, following Israel’s refusal to release Palestinian prisoners and to stop its settlements activities in the occupied Palestinian territory.last_img read more

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