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After MP3: The Past, Present, and Future of Audio Codecs

first_imgHistory of Audio CodecsImage via Joeyg417.Since the first known audio recording in 1860 on a Phonautograph, audio recording and playback technology has been in a constant state of flux. The 20th century introduced the era of the professional sound recordists and engineers, the age of transmission of audio across radio waves, massive advancements in audio quality and technology, and continued growth in the audio industry — and trade in general.In 1982, the audio world took its first steps into the new millennium with the first ever digital audio format — the compact disc. Built on the groundbreaking Pulse Code Modulation (PCM) technology, the CD was able to store analog sound waves as digital values by “quantizing” them to their nearest supported digital value.Pulse Code Modulation sparked a new era of innovation for digital audio formats. Within a decade, recognizable modern codecs like MP3 and WAV were gaining traction. The early 2000s saw the first wave of lossless audio codecs that brought digital quality even higher without the trade-off of large file sizes.But these superior formats were unprepared for the MP3 player craze of the early ’00s. Apple’s iPod brought the masses to the world of digital audio, and the MP3 became the standard for audio playback worldwide.With the death of the MP3, what codec is best poised to take its place? What possibilities does modern technology bring to the potential of future audio codecs?The Codecs of TodayImage via Nejron Photo.There are many audio codecs in heavy use across a myriad of industries today. Many of the entries on this list were introduced decades ago, but there are a few new codecs shining light on the potential that the future of audio codecs holds.AMR — Adaptive Multi-Rate: The AMR Codec family is one of the most commonly used audio formats in the world. This is largely because it is the de facto audio standard on mobile phones. AMR is optimized for speech, which means it is a low-quality, low-bandwidth, low-latency codec. AMR was not developed for music or high-quality audio recording or playback.FLAC — Fully Lossless Audio Codec: FLAC is considered by many to be the better version of MP3. It compresses files to remarkably small sizes, and does so without any percieved loss in audio quality. FLAC files are very lightweight and versatile and can be played back on any device that can play MP3s. And it’s open-source, which wins it all sorts of awards in my book, notably third-party implementations of the codec and its features.Waveform Audio File Format, commonly shortened to WAV, has been an industry workhorse for almost three decades. The secret of its sticking power is the codec’s simplicity and durability. WAVs generally offer some of the highest-quality uncompressed audio without need for transcoding. Its stability means that often WAV files that have been damaged or corrupted will still play back.ALAC — Apple Lossless Codec: Released in 2004, Apple Lossless Codec, or Apple Lossless, supports eight channels of audio up to a 32-bit depth and maximum sample rate of 384kHz. In 2011, Apple made ALAC open-source and royalty-free.AAC — Advanced Audio Coding: AAC was created by the Fraunhofer Institute — the same engineers behind MP3 compression. With the expiration of MP3 earlier this year, the Fraunhofer Institute recommends AAC as its replacement codec. AAC is a lossy format whose main selling point is its significantly higher sound quality than MP3 at the same bit rates.DSD — Direct Stream Digital: DSD is a unique high-quality audio codec. The underlying technology behind DSD is a bit different than the standard Pulse Code Modulation found in most other codecs. DSD employs Pulse-Density Modulation encoding — reducing the resolution of the bit stream and increasing the sample rate to 2.8 million times per second — to generate the audio signal. DSD has limited use in the audio world, serving largely as an audiophile codec to be played back on specialty hardware.Opus: Opus is the most modern codec to make this list. Released in 2012, it was developed to serve as a single standard for several applications where there were multiple before. Opus was created with the needs of the modern world in mind — central to its philosophy is high-quality, low-latency audio suitable for network communications and live music performances. Its latency can be reduced to as low as 5 ms — most other codecs can barely offer 100ms of latency, by comparison.Each year brings new variations and flavors of new codec technology, but what should we be looking for in a new standard for mass audio distribution?The FutureImage via LumenGraphics.While the myriad of formats to choose from today might be overwhelming, the time is ripe to start setting expectations for the codecs to come. There is much to learn from codecs of the recent and more distant past. The WAV’s reliable simplicity and universal functionality, FLAC’s fully lossless open-source model, Opus’s optimization for voice and general audio — technology has changed radically, so why shouldn’t our codecs?A Dream CodecImage via whiteMocca.Here’s what I’m looking for in an ideal future audio codec:Secure: Makes use of all modern security and cryptographic technologies.Open: Open-source and fully documented.Universal support: Can be recorded and played back without the need for new hardware or software.Fully lossless: Lightweight and high-quality.Multi-use: Optimized for voice and general audio use.High resolution: Support for highest possible recording resolutions.While most of these ideal parameters exist in codecs today, no single codec has united all of these specifications in a meaningful way. Let’s hope the future is more open, more usable, more functional, and sounds great to boot.In the coming decade, audio codecs that push the boundaries are going to become more commonplace. The underlying technology of encoding and decoding advances and evolves, merging with other sciences and disciplines as it goes.I doubt that the audio world will ever see a single “industry-standard” codec again — I predict that audio formats will continue to develop into niches in much the same way as video codecs have. This will allow for greater usability and greater task specialization, which will make significant strides in streamlining the audio pipeline.No matter what happens, the technological backbone of audio production and playback is past due for alignment. If current trends hold, there is a good chance the audio world will be unrecognizable in 10 years.Cover image via gonin.Looking for more audio information? Check out these articles.Video Tutorial: The Audio Transition You Need to Start UsingAudio Gear: 10 Super Cheap Accessories for Your Audio Kit5 Quick Tips: Mixing Audio for Film and Video ProjectsHow to Clean up Noisy Video and Audio in 30 SecondsAudio Tip: How to Get Good Sound on Every Budget With the MP3 gone, what audio codecs are poised to become the new standard? Let’s talk about compression, modern audio codecs, and the future of audio.In 2017 the patents for MP3, held by The Fraunhofer Institute, expired. As 2018 unfolds, more and more manufacturers are pulling support for the codec. The MP3 format is one of the most widely known audio codecs, and it was largely responsible for the explosion of the digital audio world.With the MP3 gone, what codecs are in the best position to become the new industry standard?In this article, we will examine the basics of codecs, take a look at the big-name audio formats around today, and finally take a speculative look into the coming decades of audio codecs.What Are Audio Codecs?Image via Vector Icon Flat.Codec is short for encode/decode. They can be hardware or software — both take the analog signal input and convert it to a digital format. The decode function is the exact same process but reversed to allow the digital data stream to be converted into analog sound waves for output.There are three categories of codec: uncompressed, lossy, and lossless.Uncompressed: Uncompressed audio files encode the full audio input signal into a digital format capable of storing the full load of the incoming data. They offer the highest quality and archival capability that comes at the cost of large file sizes and high latency (non-real time playback), prohibiting their widespread use in many cases.Lossy: Lossy files are encoded differently than uncompressed. The essential function of analog-to-digital conversion remains the same in lossy encoding techniques. Lossy diverges from uncompressed, as the frequency of the input sound waves are sampled down to an approximately similar digital value. The sum total of all of these possible digital values gives the codec what is known as its bit depth. The bit depth of the codec, 16-bit or 24-bit most commonly, determines how accurately the sound is being “quantized” — the process of sampling used to round the incoming sound waves to their nearest values. Lossy codecs throw away a considerable amount of the information contained in the original sound waves.Because of this, lossy audio files are vastly smaller than uncompressed ones and offer much lower latency playback, allowing for use in live audio scenarios.Lossless: Lossless encoding stands as the middle ground between uncompressed and lossy. It grants similar audio quality to uncompressed at significantly reduced sizes. Lossless codecs achieve this by compressing the incoming audio in a non-destructive way on encode before restoring the uncompressed information on decode.last_img read more

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You Should Mind Your Own Business Now

first_imgOne of the reasons you may not be generating the results you want is because you are treating your job as if it is a job. When you treat your job like it is something you have to do instead of something you are grateful for the opportunity to do, your results are never going to be what they might be—or what they are for others with a different mindset.There are better ways to think about your job and your work, and developing a better mindset is the first step in improving what you do, how you do it, the results you produce, and the rewards that follow.Your Job or Your WorkYour job has a lot to do with your work, but it isn’t your work. Having a job means you are doing your work as part of a company, that you have an employer who has hired you to do the work you do for the benefit of their company and their customers and clients. This belief is the first and most significant shift in how you think about your work. Your job and your work are separate, and they are different ideas, different concepts. You can leave your job and still do the same work.Imagine you are a solopreneur, an individual working for themselves. You are doing incredibly well because of the quality of your work, and your reputation grows. As word spreads, someone offers you a position with their company, asking you to create the same value on which you built your reputation for their clients or customers. You trade some part of your autonomy for greater certainty and payment from a single employer — some of your autonomy, but not all of it.Empower YourselfThe quality of the work you do has less to do with whom you work for and more to do with whether you believe you are doing your job or your work. A job is something you have to do; work is something you want to do. The former doesn’t always give you the same sense of satisfaction, joy, purpose, or meaning, something the latter provides in greater measure. The choice of doing your job or your work is individual, belonging to you alone.No one will rarely stop you from doing better work. If you decide you want to produce work of a professional craftsman, someone who takes great care, who minds the details, who puts their soul into their work, you will not find much resistance. If you decide to more than is required or expected of you, there will not be a line of angry people shaking their fists at you for turning ordinary work into something spectacular.Empowerment isn’t something someone provides you. Empowerment is something you take for yourself. In an age of knowledge work, it is uncommon to be offered direction on how you should do your work, and even rarer that someone would tell you what work to do and when to do it. If you have wondered why the results people and companies generate are lower than they might be, one contributor is surely people doing their jobs instead of their work.There is a scene in the movie The Godfather when Tom Hagen, Don Corleone’s consigliere meets with a producer to ask him to give Johnny Fontaine a part in his new film, even though the producer hates Fontaine. As they argue, the producer asks Hagen who he is, that he knows every prominent lawyer in the business. Hagen answers, “I have a special practice. I handle one client.” Your employer is your one client (even though you may take care of many of their clients. Whether or not your practice is special is your decision.Your Personal Portfolio of ClientsThe fact that you work under someone else’s banner doesn’t prevent you from having your portfolio of clients. If you work in sales, your role is to create your portfolio of clients or customers. The fact that you have a job is no greater an obstacle than it would be if you were a solopreneur, where you would be required for every role required of a business.You can choose your clients. You can decide how you engage them. The decision as to whether or not to create greater value for them than what people who are merely doing their jobs might create is yours alone. Those who are doing their duties are often only going through the motions, something impossible for people who are doing their work, passion, and caring being the primary differentiators.You also have your portfolio of projects. You also have your portfolio of projects, all the things you need to do to create value for your clients, as well as your employer. No one would dare try to stop you from pouring your heart and soul into your portfolio of projects. No one refuses something excellent over something mediocre, which means you can impact the quality of your work more than any other factor.Doing Less Than You Are CapableWhen you treat your work like it is your job, you tend to do less than you are capable. When you treat your work like it is your work, the sense of empowerment frees you to do something special, making even the most tedious and uninteresting work something more than they would have been without you.The mistake most people make in not minding their own business to blame their company, their manager, or some other party for the quality of their work. The quality of your work will improve only when you improve it, and that starts when you give yourself over to your work, removing your job as a factor.Even if you have a difficult employer, that is no different from having equally difficult clients for your work. Your results are still your own.last_img read more

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With time running out, candidates go creative

first_imgPune: With the stakes high for all major political players in the elections to the Pune and Pimpri-Chinchwad municipal corporations, a frenzy of innovations have lent colour to the already-heated campaign proceedings.From song-and-dance jingles to street plays and even magic shows, candidates are throwing every gimmick to reach out to their prospective voters.Sister-brother duo Priya and Premraj Gadade, who are contesting on a Nationalist Congress Party (NCP) ticket from ward number 30 in Parvati area, have creatively developed a video on the tune of a popular Marathi song ‘Shanta Bai’. The video, with its witty lyrics, has transformed the original ‘item number’ into the duo’s ward development manifesto, charting improvements their achievements. The duo has also roped in singer Sanjay Londhe, who sang the original.Ms. Gadade, who penned the lyrics himself, said, “We wanted to come up with something different for our election campaign so that people would recall our work.” His sister was earlier a sitting corporator of the Maharashtra Navnirman Sena (MNS). She recently switched allegiances with the NCP.Street smartSome candidates have taken to street plays to attract voters. Four Shiv Sena aspirants from the Vadgaonsheri panel — Sachin Bhagat, Sadhana Bhagat, Nitin Bhujbal and Manish Devkar — have come up with an idea of censuring the Bharatiya Janata Party’s policies and the past workings of the NCP by using local performance artistes.They have also hired a magician from Nagpur to innovatively portray the damages caused by demonetisation, contrasting it with the developmental works done by the four candidates.Ms. Bhagat says, “The shows, besides being entertaining, makes people think about why they ought to vote for us.”The NCP, too, is not far behind. The party has hired three vans, which travel in every ward, performing plays and informing people about the work the party candidates have done over the last five years.‘Please go vote’Meanwhile, the importance of the civic polls have impressed itself on citizens. In a bid to promote voting, a group of city-based musicians have come up with a ‘rap anthem’, encouraging voters to go out and exercise their franchise.The video, titled ‘Please go Vote’ and running a little over two-and-a-half-minutes, serves as a ‘guide’ to resolve the citizen’s dilemma of whom to vote for, and why? It is uploaded on YouTube channel ‘Brand Pickle’. The video cautions against corrupt and self-serving ‘netas (politicians)’.Nikhil Khaire, who penned the lyrics of the song, said “We wanted to offer something refreshing in contrast to the well-meaning, though dull messages usually proffered by government agencies that urge people to vote. We chose the rap format as it would be an engaging way to connect with the youth.”last_img read more

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Olympic dress rehearsal gives a glimpse of things to come in London

first_imgLondoners got a taste of things to come on Monday night as the opening ceremony rehearsal was followed by a lot of traffic woes on train routes.What’s called Metro in New Delhi is referred to as the Tube in London. It’s an old transport system and was tested fully as almost 45,000 people, including volunteers and a huge work force, showed up for the rehearsal.Despite the hot conditions, people came to catch a glimpse of the rehearsal as there was no way they were going to be inside the stadium in July 27.The fear that the city’s transport system could crumble under the pressure of such huge numbers became a reality as the transport system almost collapsed.The Tube and other lines into the Olympic Park failed miserably. Routes had to be quickly changed and there were a number of announcements about the validity of tickets on alternate routes. People had a tough time getting back home.Hackney Wick, which is in the neighbourhood of the main Olympic Park, saw tracks buckling in high temperatures, while the Central Line, one of the main lines, was hit by a dislodged traction rail at St. Pauls.Apparently, the opening ceremony rehearsal started at 7:30 pm and many people actually made it inside only at 9 pm. The real-time drill was getting painful for all, said eyewitnesses.According to London’s Evening Standard, Mayor Boris Johnson admitted services were “not perfect” when he got his 9 am Olympic briefing.In addition, Howard Collins, London Underground’s chief operating officer, admitted it “wasn’t a good start” to the Games and even apologised.The newspaper mentioned incidents where people who left home in Ealing and Chiswick at 4:30 pm took till as much as 8:10 pm and 9 pm to reach the stadium.The next big test for organisers will be on Wednesday, when the final rehearsal is held with an additional 10,000 performers and spectators — taking the total to over 50,000.Considering that the Britons criticised New Delhi for the Commonwealth Games during its preparations, London is now getting to feel the heat.As it is, people are upset that the Olympics are hindering their daily life. Not everyone, even in the oldest home to modern Olympics, is happy that chaos is happening on a daily basis.”Whoever says we will be as efficient as other host cities needs to know London is an old city. We have developed Stratford but a lot of suspense remains,” said a volunteer near the area.advertisementlast_img read more

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FIFA U-17 World Cup: It will be a dream come true to play alongside Neymar, says USA star Timothy Weah

first_imgThere are a lot of expectations from the young and exciting Timothy Weah, the son of the great George Weah, in the FIFA  U-17 World Cup.But the young Paris-Saint Germain forward seems to be unfazed about it and says that he just looks to play his natural game and help the team.”I just look to play well and to play like myself. Not try and do too much. I’m a simple player, I like to work for the team because that’s the player I am. Sometimes I might be having an off day in the attacking point but that’s because I do a lot defensively. I run a lot,” said Timothy.”So…basically it’s about playing for the team and getting the win. That’s important,” he added.But he couldn’t stay unfazed for long. The moment he was asked about PSG, the excitement and the fanboy in him was clearly out in the open for everyone to see.The forward was all praise about his club side and said that it will be a dream come true to play alongside Neymar, who signed for them in a world-record summer transfer from Barcelona.Reuters Photo “I haven’t met him yet but I hope to meet him because he is my idol. So it will be dream come true to meet him and play with him,” he said.However, his feet are grounded and he accepts that it’s going to take him some time to reach the level of players like Kylian Mbappe and the Edinson Cavani.advertisement”I’ve just played once with them. It’s a completely different world. We commit more mistakes, childish stuff, They are more mature, they play with a sense of urgency. Everything is fast and it’s of the highest level,” said the 17-year-old.When questioned about breaking into the first-team, he said it’s difficult now but he is trying his best to do so in the near future.”It’s tough because we have M’Bappe, Cavani and Neymar and I don’t think I’m at that level yet but I feel playing alongside them in training will help me mature as a player and help me get where I want to be. And maybe in the future I can get my debut and get few starts with them. We will just have to wait and see,” said Weah Jr.PSG are side who have lofty ambitions and you don’t see too many youth players coming out of the system with Adrien Rabiot being an exception maybe. But, the 17-year-old sounded optimistic about his chances at the French capital and said that the club’s handling of him, made him choose them over others.U.S. Soccer YNT Twitter Photo “I thought from my side that PSG is the best side for young players, I really felt they care about me and they gave me the chance to play. You know…coming from America, they don’t expect a player to step up to their play but I felt that they see me as their son. The coach has confidence in me and I respect that. So I feel love for them,” he said.The French side are on top of League 1 and have begun the Champions League on a high, beating Bayern Munich 3-0, which also led to the German champions sacking coach Carlo Ancelotti. Talking about the club’s chances in Europe’s most elite club competition, the forward said that they are a young but good side and beating Bayern Munich was a strong statement.”Right now from Celtic to Bayern…Bayern is a really tough team and to beat them 3-0 really makes a statement, you know. We are young but we have a force and Neymar is one of the best players in the world, MBappe is probably the best 19-year-old in the world and Cavani is probably the top striker. So with those three and Marco Veratti behind is magical,” said an optimistic Weah.last_img read more

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Alaba: Nothing concrete in Real Madrid links

first_imgTransfers Alaba: Nothing concrete in Real Madrid links Jamie Smith 01:37 5/29/18 FacebookTwitterRedditcopy Comments(0) David Alaba Getty Images Transfers Real Madrid Bayern München v Hamburger SV Bayern München Bundesliga Villarreal v Real Madrid Primera División Despite his agent and father claiming the Champions League winners are interested, the Bayern man says he has more to accomplish in Germany David Alaba says there is “nothing concrete” in reports he could leave Bayern Munich for Real Madrid.Alaba’s father and agent, George, suggested earlier this month that Madrid are “really interested” in signing the versatile Austria international.But Alaba, who can play at left-back or in midfield, suggested his father’s comments may have been overblown. Article continues below Editors’ Picks Goalkeeper crisis! Walker to the rescue but City sweating on Ederson injury ahead of Liverpool clash Out of his depth! Emery on borrowed time after another abysmal Arsenal display Diving, tactical fouls & the emerging war of words between Guardiola & Klopp Sorry, Cristiano! Pjanic is Juventus’ most important player right now “For now there is nothing concrete,” said Alaba. “I know that in football everything can go very quickly.”But, for now, I am focused on the national team and after that, pre-season in Munich.”I feel very, very good in Munich and I still have things to do there.”The 25-year-old has won six straight Bundesliga titles with Bayern, along with four DFB-Pokals and the 2012-13 Champions League.last_img read more

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Council Backs Speeding Up of IJmuiden Sea Lock Construction

first_imgzoom The City Council of Amsterdam approved the acceleration of construction of the new large sea lock in IJmuiden, yesterday, November 26.Amsterdam mayor requested from the City Council to approve EUR 105 million (USD 132 mill) in funding for construction of the new sea lock system at IJmuiden, at the end of October.The current complex dates back from 1929 and doesn’t meet the technical requirements to accommodate modern age ships as they increase in size and complexity, according to the port officials, who were very pleased with the Council’s decision.Port of Amsterdam CEO Dertje Meijer said: “Great news! The new, larger sea lock will be good for the port, the region and the business community in the area. With this decision, the City Council of Amsterdam is investing in the future and in sustainable growth for the Amsterdam Metropolitan Area.”According to the port authority, the new large sea lock will safeguard the ongoing accessibility of the ports and businesses along the North Sea Canal, including for large vessels with deep drafts.“This means a big boost for the port region and the Dutch economy,” the port authority said in a release.The initial plan by the national government was to replace the locks no later than 2029, however this date seemed to be too far away as the port may reach its maximum capacity of 95 million tons already in 2020.The Port of Amsterdam said that the new lock system would allow the port to increase its capacity to 125 million tons.The total cost of the project is estimated to be EUR 889 million, of which a considerable portion should be assigned by the EU.The project received an EU subsidy for the planning study phase as part of the Trans-European Transport Network (TEN-T) programme. A subsidy application is also planned to be made relating to the implementation stage of the project.Port of Amsterdam is working together with the Dutch Ministry of Infrastructure and the Environment, the Dutch Directorate-General for Public Works and Water Management, the Province of North Holland, the City of Amsterdam and the Municipality of Velsen on the accelerated construction of the new large sea lock.Press Releaselast_img read more

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Fonctionnaires provinciaux récompensés pour lexcellence dans la prestation des services en français

first_img Les Néo-Écossais peuvent « aimer » les Affaires acadiennes sur Facebook ou suivre la Province en français sur Twitter à l’adresse @GouvNE. Joseph Muise, ministère des Communautés, de la Culture et du Patrimoine Sylvie Lepine, ministère de l’Énergie Peter Woolaver, ministère des Ressources naturelles Trois fonctionnaires provinciaux ont été mis à l’honneur aujourd’hui 20 mai lors de la remise des Prix d’excellence Bonjour! pour les services en français. Le ministre des Affaires acadiennes, Michel Samson, était accompagné de partenaires communautaires et de collègues de la fonction publique pour faire la remise des prix. « Le gouvernement joue un rôle essentiel dans l’élaboration et la prestation de services importants en français à l’intention des Néo-Écossais acadiens et francophones, de dire M. Samson. Offrir des programmes et des services en français demande énormément de travail et je tiens à féliciter les lauréats des Prix d’excellence Bonjour! pour leur rôle de premier plan dans ces efforts. » Cette année, les lauréats sont : Mme Wallace, de Yarmouth, est porteuse à l’Hôpital de Yarmouth depuis 25 ans. Il est important pour les patients d’avoir quelqu’un qui peut parler leur langue maternelle. Le service qu’elle assure en français de manière chaleureuse, amicale et avec compassion calme les patients et les aide énormément dans des circonstances souvent difficiles. Mme Fricker-Bates, de Sydney, a pris sa retraite récemment. Elle était la représentante des services en français pour l’Aide juridique de la Nouvelle-Écosse. Elle a assuré un soutien en français de différentes manières, y compris en coordonnant des cours de français pour le personnel de l’Aide juridique à l’échelle de la province. Son leadership a contribué à la traduction du Brydges After Hours Telephone Duty Counsel Manual, qui s’appelle en français le Manuel à l’intention des avocats de garde. Mme Besler, d’Halifax, est une coordonnatrice des services de protection de l’enfance au ministère des Services communautaires. Elle a joué un rôle clé dans les efforts déployés pour offrir en français tout le registre provincial des cas d’enfants maltraités. Grâce à sa détermination, les gens ont la possibilité de demander une recherche, de demander des renseignements par téléphone et de recevoir toute la documentation pertinente en français.Trois anciens coordonnateurs des services en français ont également été mis à l’honneur pour leur travail dans la mise en valeur des services en français : Marilyn Wallace, pour l’Excellence en matière de prestation de services au public; Patricia Fricker-Bates, pour l’Excellence en matière de leadership; Kelly Besler, pour l’Excellence en matière de développement de programme.last_img read more

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Montreal man convicted of terrorism for attack on Michigan airport officer

first_imgFLINT, Mich. — A Montreal man who told investigators that his mission was “to kill and be killed” was convicted of terrorism and other crimes Tuesday in the stabbing of a Michigan airport officer.Federal prosecutors had an easy time persuading jurors: Witnesses wrestled Amor Ftouhi to the ground after seeing him attack Lt. Jeff Neville at the Flint airport in June 2017.Ftouhi, 53, was convicted of three charges. A native of Tunisia, he also had Canadian citizenship and was living in Montreal at the time of the attack.“This isn’t a mystery. He was caught right there. He has the knife in his hand,” Assistant U.S. Attorney Cathleen Corken told jurors.Investigators say Ftouhi wanted to stab Neville, seize his gun and shoot people in the airport. He legally drove into the U.S. at Champlain, N.Y., and arrived in Flint five days later. He tried unsuccessfully to buy a gun at a gun show and instead bought a large knife.Witnesses said he yelled, “Allahu Akbar” — God is great — during the attack.Neville survived but has lost feeling in part of his face as a result of being stabbed in the neck. He no longer works at the airport.“This is what a Muslim is born for,” Ftouhi said in a handwritten note to his wife that was found in his apartment.FBI agent Shadi Elreda told jurors about his interview with Ftouhi after his arrest. He said Ftouhi was upset that Neville might survive.“His mission was to kill and be killed. He said his mission was not over,” Elreda testified.Ftouhi’s lawyers didn’t offer an opening statement at trial and didn’t call any witnesses. In her closing argument, attorney Joan Morgan said Ftouhi was unstable and believed it would be easier to be killed by police in the United States than in Canada.“He was a person who was absolutely looking for a way out,” she said.Neville described the attack in testimony last week. “I was watching this puddle of blood underneath me that was spreading and I just remember how weird that was. … I felt like if I laid down on my back, I might not get back up,” he said.Airport police Chief Chris Miller said he jumped on Ftouhi and tried to handcuff him.“He said, ‘Allahu Akbar. You have killed people in Afghanistan, and you have killed people in Iraq,”’ Miller testified.The Associated Presslast_img read more

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Advocate calls on Canada to remove sexism from Indian Act before MMIW

first_img(Sharon McIvor, left, outlined her concerns at a press conference in Vancouver on Thursday. Photo: UBCIC)Cara McKenna APTN National NewsA prominent Indigenous feminist says Canada’s upcoming inquiry into missing and murdered Indigenous women can’t be taken seriously until the federal government addresses sexism within its own legislation that’s existed since 1876.Sharon McIvor said she was dismayed to find out recently that the federal government asked the United Nations Human Rights Committee to suspend consideration of a petition she launched aiming to stop gender inequality in Indian status designations.McIvor has been fighting for several decades against provisions in the Indian Act that stop Indigenous women from gaining Indian status and passing it along to their descendants on the same basis as men.“Because of this, Aboriginal women and their descendants have been separated from their families and communities, treated as less worthy, less human, less Indian, and not full members of their cultures and communities,” McIvor said in a statement.The federal government’s reason for blocking her petition to the UN is that it will be embarking on its own wider consultations in an effort to fix the problem.It said in a written statement to the UN that it will no longer be appealing a 2015 Superior Court of Quebec ruling that concluded parts of the Indian Act are discriminatory on the basis of sex.“The Government of Canada is now exploring various opportunities and approaches for engagement with First Nations and other Indigenous groups on necessary legislative changes,” the statement said.“The exact nature of the engagement, including how information will be shared and received from First Nations and Indigenous organizations, will be determined in the coming months.”But McIvor said Canada has not committed to actually removing discriminatory rules from the Indian Act – something she said is a proven root cause of violence against Indigenous women.She is now calling on Canada to drop its request to suspend her petition and remove sex discrimination from the Indian Act as soon as possible.“The national inquiry and any consultations on a new nation-to-nation relationship can only start on a credible footing if the Government of Canada begins by publicly undertaking to eliminate the sex discrimination in the Indian Act immediately,” McIvor said.“Without this, Indigenous women do not begin these processes as equals.”Her call has been met with support from various groups including the Native Women’s Association of Canada, the Union of B.C. Indian Chiefs and the Canadian Feminist Alliance for International Action.“There is no need for further study,” said NWAC president Dawn Lavell-Harvard.“In 2016, it is time for Canada’s new government to end this discrimination, once and for all. This is the necessary beginning for a national inquiry.”The federal government is expected to launch its inquiry into the country’s disproportionate number of missing and murdered Indigenous women any day now.last_img read more

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I felt afraid of the woods Akwesasne woman testifies about sisters loss

first_imgLucy ScholeyAPTN NewsAfter they found her sister’s remains in the woods, Cheryl McDonald feared walking through the forest during the fall.The Mohawk from Akwesasne is still haunted by the memory of visiting the scene where Carleen McDonald’s remains were found in October 1988.After police investigated the site, her family found Carleen’s hair and an empty bottle of rum.“Going into the woods and thinking how she laid there, what happened to her body after in the seven weeks,” said Cheryl on Monday, during the first day of the National Inquiry into Missing and Murdered Indigenous Women and Girls hearings in Montreal. “It was painful. If I saw a log in a distance, I would get afraid. I felt afraid of the woods. I had bad memories.“The woods became this place of death.”It was the middle of the night on Sept. 4, 1988 when Carleen McDonald snuck out of her parents’ house in Akwesasne, leaving her sleeping children and relatives. It took seven weeks before a deer hunter found the young mother’s remains in the woods nearby. A suicide note had been left behind, in Carleen’s handwriting.But Cheryl initially had suspicions about how her sister died. She testified that Carleen had recently broken up with her abusive common-law husband and the father of their three children. She had questions for him but she said he was never a suspect.“I was frustrated with the police,” she said, adding she felt officers in Akwesasne did not thoroughly search the woods near her parents’ house.Carleen McDonald.While testifying, a picture of Carleen appeared on a screen behind her. She’s wearing a red Mohawk Nation shirt, spikey hair in the style of Rod Stewart, who she adored, and a big, toothy smile. She had been to the orthodontist for braces and it was orthodontist records that would help identify her remains.It took 27 years for Cheryl to face her sister’s tragic story. She began her healing journey almost three years ago. She started publicly talking about it during pre-consultations for the inquiry. And she took up beading floral designs onto a red dress.Her and her sister never danced at ceremonies as children, but Cheryl dons the dress now and dances in Carleen’s spirit.Growing up in New York State, Cheryl and her sister were tomboys, hunting, fishing and playing in the woods.Now Cheryl is able to go for long walks through the woods alone, hugging the trees and reconnecting with the Creator.“Her spirit is there,” she said.More than 70 people are expected to testify at the inquiry this week in seven languages: English, French, Cree, Naskapi, Algonquin, Attikamekw and Inuktitut.lscholey@aptn.calast_img read more

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PM briefs premiers on NAFTA developments as more ministers bound for US

OTTAWA — As negotiations to rewrite the North American Free Trade Agreement falter, the Trudeau government is expecting premiers and federal cabinet ministers to fan out across the United States to push the merits of the trilateral trade pact.Federal cabinet ministers will be heading south in the coming days to continue their full-court press for the deal, following the end of the fourth round of NAFTA talks that saw American negotiators drop bombshell proposals on dairy, autos and other issues that Ottawa views as non-starters.Transport Minister Marc Garneau will attend Friday’s meeting of the Great Lakes and St. Lawrence governors and premiers in Windsor and Detroit.Government officials, speaking on the condition of anonymity because of the sensitivity of the trade talks, say these moves are not a just a response to the latest round of talks, which exposed massive gaps between American bargaining positions and those of Canada and Mexico.They say the effort has been long planned as part of a co-ordinated attempt to reach out to U.S. lawmakers, using premiers and cabinet ministers to target key states.Foreign Affairs Minister Chrystia Freeland and David MacNaughton, Canada’s ambassador to the U.S., briefed the premiers on the latest NAFTA developments during a first ministers meeting two weeks ago.“It’s in everyone’s interest to continue the outreach that has been ongoing,” said one source.“I think the provinces and territories understand that as much as we do, which is why we’ve seen a strong level of engagement on their part.”Later this month, Ontario Premier Kathleen Wynne will use a meeting of the Toronto Global Forum to meet Florida Gov. Rick Scott.“In the face of the NAFTA renegotiations and U.S. protectionism, our partnerships are demonstrating that free trade benefits businesses and workers on both sides of the border,” Wynne says in a statement promoting the conference.Earlier this year, Prime Minister Justin Trudeau dispatched 11 cabinet ministers to key U.S. states to make the case for NAFTA and to keep people and goods flowing over the border.Their key talking point is that 35 U.S. states call Canada their top customer, while nine million Americans depend on trade with Canada for their jobs.Those efforts continued on Wednesday when Freeland met in Washington with Sen. Bob Corker, the Tennessee Republican who has been highly critical of Trump.In the coming days, Science Minister Kirsty Duncan is to travel to North Carolina to meet politicians and academics.In November, MacNaughton and Andrew Leslie, Freeland’s parliamentary secretary on U.S. relations, are to attend the Halifax Security Forum in anticipation of meeting Sen. John McCain.Garneau’s visit to the Friday meetings in Detroit and Windsor will have him in the company of several key U.S. politicians, including Wisconsin Gov. Scott Walker and Gov. Rick Snyder of Michigan.Wisconsin was the setting for some of Donald Trump’s harshest anti-Canadian trade rhetoric when he criticized Canadian dairy policies for hurting mid-western farmers.This week, U.S. negotiators called for an end to Canada’s supply management system for dairy, chicken, eggs and turkey within the next decade.On auto parts, the U.S. also tabled a proposal for all cars to have 50 per cent U.S. content to avoid a tariff. The U.S. has requested this policy be phased in within one year, which automakers call impossible.Government officials say they are noticing how U.S. business and labour groups are starting to speak out in support of NAFTA and its economic benefits. They point to warnings coming from prominent business groups, including the U.S. Chamber of Commerce, that tearing up NAFTA would be bad for the economy. read more

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SecretaryGeneral meets with UN staff in India

Mr. Annan’s talk with UN workers focused on UN reconstruction assistance for victims of last December’s tsunami, and the rise of HIV/AIDS in India.Wednesday the Secretary-General is scheduled to hold high-level meetings with government officials – including President Abdul Kalam, Prime Minister Manmohan Singh and Foreign Minister K. Natwar Singh.Mr. Annan is also slated to take part in a roundtable discussion on HIV/AIDS, during which he will meet people living with HIV and hear of the work undertaken by key aid providers. read more

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New Disability Inclusion Strategy is transformative change we need says Guterres

To this end, the UN chief said he was launching a new UN Disability Inclusion Strategy on Tuesday, “to raise the standards of the UN’s performance on disability inclusion across the board, and action to bring about the unified and transformative change we need”.  With an accountability framework to monitor progress and address challenges, the new strategy has clear benchmarks, and will encourage more persons with disabilities to work in, and be better supported by, the UN.“I want the United Nations to be an employer of choice for persons with disabilities”, he stressed. “I want the United Nations to be fully accessible for one and all”. According to Mr. Guterres: “We can no longer be a platform for change when persons with disabilities cannot access that platform, to speak”. “Realizing the rights of persons with disabilities is a matter of justice as well as a common-sense investment in our common future”, the UN chief said, but “we have a long way to go in changing mindsets, laws and policies to ensure these rights”. He urged participants to make the goals and the objectives of the Convention “a reality on the ground”. Mr. Guterres cited last year’s first-ever UN Flagship Report on Disability and Development, which highlights core challenges, including disproportionate levels of poverty, lack of access to education, health services, employment and the under-representation of persons with disabilities in decision-making and political participation.  Together, we can raise awareness and remove barriers – UN chief“We must do much more to address discrimination and exclusion, particularly against girls and women with disabilities”, he underscored. “We must also do much more on transportation, infrastructure and information and communications technology to make our cities, rural areas, and societies inclusive”. “Together, we can raise awareness and remove barriers”, he maintained. “Together, with persons with disabilities as agents of change, we can build an inclusive, accessible and sustainable world”. “My hope,” he concluded, “is that people with disabilities – particularly women and girls – one day live in a world that protects, respects and values us.”‘Greater visibility’Addressing delegates in the General Assembly Hall, Catalina Devandas, Special Rapporteur on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities said that despite multiple agendas and competing priorities, “the rights of people with disabilities cannot be marginalized”.She lauded the new UN Disability Inclusion Strategy to ensure that “people with disabilities are included in all development, human rights and humanitarian aid efforts”. While calling it “an ambitious and far-reaching proposal that can mean a turning point for the inclusion of people with disability” in all pillars of the UN’s work, she warned that the strategy is “just the starting point of a long process”.The UN expert called for the Member States to politically and financially support the strategy, flagging it as “a good investment” in strengthening the UN’s capacity to provide “better and greater support to national efforts to realize the rights of people with disabilities.”“Social gains are only achieved when people fight for them”, she concluded. “It is this tireless fight that now allows people with disabilities to enjoy greater visibility on the international agenda”. “When we fight to secure those rights, we move our world closer to upholding the core values and principles of the United Nations Charter”, he explained. “When we remove policies or biases or obstacles to opportunity for persons with disabilities, the whole world benefits”.“Disability inclusion is central to the promise of the #2030Agenda. Together, we can raise awareness & remove barriers. Together, with persons with disabilities as agents of change, we can build an inclusive, accessible & sustainable world.” – @antonioguterres speaks at #COSP. pic.twitter.com/zNNJlTST8B— Global Goals (@GlobalGoalsUN) June 11, 2019 Model and Disability Rights Activist Visits the UN (American Sign Language version), by United Nations read more

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Johnson says he considered leaving Georgia Tech in 2016

ATLANTA — Paul Johnson revealed Thursday he considered stepping down as Georgia Tech’s coach two years ago, before finalizing his decision this week.The 61-year-old Johnson said he thought about leaving before current athletic director Todd Stansbury was hired in 2016. He said his job had become “drudgery” under former athletic director Mike Bobinski.“It’s not like I just thought about it last week,” Johnson said in discussing his decision announced on Wednesday . “To be honest with you truthfully, if Todd had not shown up I was ready to do this before he came. It wasn’t as much fun. It was drudgery.”When Georgia Tech had a slow start this season, Johnson again began thinking about departing.“We had talks during the year and I told Todd in the middle of the year it wasn’t much fun,” Johnson said. “Then we talked before the Georgia game and set up a time to talk again. … I wanted to make sure I was good with my decision. I didn’t want to do it immediately after a game.”Georgia Tech recovered from a 1-3 start to finish the regular season 7-5 with last week’s 45-21 loss at No. 4 Georgia. The Yellow Jackets finished 5-3 in the ACC, their first winning record in conference play since 2014.Johnson will stay on the job through Georgia Tech’s bowl game, possibly in the Dec. 31 Military Bowl.Stansbury said he began updating the “list in your brain” of coaching candidates after the midseason meeting with Johnson.“You definitely are paying attention to what’s going on,” Stansbury said. “… The fact I’ve been able to watch a lot of games this year, I’ve kept that in the back of my mind as we figured out what Paul decided he was going to do. I think you’re doing that naturally anyway. You never know when something like this may happen.”Stansbury wouldn’t discuss potential candidates. He also wouldn’t say if he wants to hire a coach who would bring an offence with more passing than Johnson’s spread option with its triple-option plays.“At the end of the day, I just want to win games,” Stansbury said. “I don’t necessarily worry about schemes. I’m going to leave that up to the coaches. I’m looking for the best coach for Georgia Tech.”Possible candidates may include Los Angeles Chargers offensive co-ordinator Ken Whisenhunt, a former Georgia Tech tight end and former NFL head coach with the Arizona Cardinals and Tennessee Titans; Clemson co-offensive co-ordinator Tony Elliott; Appalachian State coach Scott Satterfield and Temple coach Geoff Collins, a former Georgia Tech assistant.If Stansbury considers coaches who would likely retain the spread option offence, Army’s Jeff Monken and Kennesaw State’s Brian Bohannon are among possible candidates. Each worked under Johnson at Georgia Southern, Navy and Georgia Tech.Johnson says he’s young enough to consider another job if he decides to return to coaching following a break.Johnson, who also coached at Georgia Southern and Navy, compiled a record of 82-59 in 11 seasons at Georgia Tech with three appearances in the Atlantic Coast Conference championship game. The Yellow Jackets won the 2009 ACC title that was vacated because of NCAA sanctions.Johnson’s overall record is 189-98, with only four losing seasons in 22 years.“Very rarely do you have coaches that have the opportunity to finish on your own terms,” Stansbury said. “In this case we have a hall of fame coach in Paul Johnson who has been able to do that.”Johnson told his players of his decision to “take a break” from coaching on Wednesday.“I think the two hardest things I’ve probably ever done in my life are when I left Navy and then yesterday,” Johnson said. “It’s just tough. It’s emotional.”Stansbury said players gave Johnson a standing ovation at the end of the meeting.Johnson said he plans to spend more time with his wife, Susan, and daughter, Kaitlyn, who attended the news conference.He also said he “got contacted immediately with other opportunities” after Wednesday’s announcement. Asked if he might consider a TV analyst job, Johnson acknowledged he joked with his staff about that possibility.“I could do that and take a shot at everybody,” he said, smiling, before adding “I don’t know what the future holds.”___For more AP college football: https://apnews.com/Collegefootball and https://twitter.com/AP_Top25Charles Odum, The Associated Press read more

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Podcast Blatters Out Womens World Cup NBA Finals And The Astros Turnaround

Welcome to this week’s episode of Hot Takedown, our podcast where the hot sports takes of the week meet the numbers that prove them right or tear them down. On this week’s show (June 2, 2015), we discuss the announcement by FIFA’s Sepp Blatter that he will step down, and preview the Women’s World Cup, which kicks off Saturday. We also preview the NBA Finals and look at how the Astros and Twins got so good after being so bad. Plus, our Significant Digit of the week on a bold decision by Florida in the Women’s College World Series to hand the ball to two untested pitchers.Stream the episode by clicking the play button, or subscribe using one of the podcast clients we’ve linked to above.Below are some links to what we discuss in this week’s show:Adam Silver writes us a letter about our anti-tanking proposal.The FiveThirtyEight staff takes a crack at fixing FIFA after Blatter’s announcement.We’re doing Women’s World Cup predictions, and our tournament preview lays out how the U.S. team is favored, but just barely.Neil Paine writes that this is the second weakest team that LeBron James has carried to the NBA Finals.The Astros are making a historic turnaround.Significant Digit: Zero innings. In the Women’s College World Series finals, Florida handed the ball to two pitchers who hadn’t pitched in weeks. Embed Code More: Apple Podcasts | ESPN App | RSS | Embed Hot Takedown If you’re a fan of our podcasts, be sure to subscribe on Apple Podcasts and leave a rating/review. That helps spread the word to other listeners. And get in touch by email, on Twitter or in the comments. Tell us what you think, send us hot takes to discuss and tell us why we’re wrong. read more

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Hurricane Irma leaves Caribbean totally devastated says Govt delegation

Share this:Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)RelatedIrma aftermath: Some Guyanese want to return home, while others will remain- CDCSeptember 19, 2017In “latest news”Public urged to donate to Hurricane Irma Recovery Fund- CDCSeptember 16, 2017In “latest news”Int’l Donors Conference to be called for hurricane-devastated islandsSeptember 15, 2017In “latest news” …secures British Military Cargo plane to shuttle relief suppliesThe Guyana Government’s delegation has returned from Antigua,  St Marteen and the British Virgin Islands (BVI) where it had sent a Needs Assessment Team, following the damages left in the wake of Hurricane Irma.Minister of Citizenship Winston Felix who spearheaded that team, on Thursday, met with members of the local media corps where he briefed operatives on some of the support initiatives government is currently considering and to provide a first-hand account of the extent of the devastationMinister of Citizenship Winston FelixAccording to Minister Felix, in addition to food, building and medical supplies, some of the affected Guyanese have been inquiring about the possible evacuation from the devastated islands to Guyana, specifically school aged children.He explained that many of the Guyanese present have expressed a willingness to remain on the on the Caribbean islands in order to cash in on the rebuilding efforts.According to Felix, the information supplied to him and his team indicates that in St Marteen there are some 7,000 Guyanese domiciled there while in Tortola, BVI, the population stands at around 1,500.Felix was quick to point out that whatever relief efforts will be made by Government it will be incumbent on the governments of those countries to spearhead the local relief efforts and that the supplies with not be sent directly to Guyanese groupings.Minister of State, Joseph Harmon, who was on hand for the Press engagement had earlier indicated that Guyana currently has 10 containers of supplies ready for delivery to Antigua—the designated hub for all of the relief efforts pouring into the region.Irma damage: Barbudan houses were ripped to pieces. This is what a touring CARICOM delegation saw on Wednesday. (CARICOM photo)According to Minister Harmon, government has secured the assistance of the British Government—through the local High Commissioner—for use of a C-130 military cargo aircraft in order to transport the supplies from Guyana to Antigua.Felix also used the opportunity to touch on the shortcomings encountered by the team which he said was due in part to the extent of the damage to the communities that led to the diaspora members being unprepared for the visit.This was compounded by curfews that had been set in place both in St Marteen and Tortola, BVI. Felix told media operatives the team was unable to travel to the neighboring Virgin Gorda, Jost van Dyke or Anegada, the other two of the larger populated islands in the BVI where Guyanese currently reside.Providing an extensive briefing, Minister Felix reported that Needs Assessment team was flown to St Marteen by Chartered Aircraft where there was a complete devastation of the island much like Barbuda—Barbuda has since had to evacuate all of the residents to the neigbouring sister island Antigua.According to Minister Felix, “there we met total devastation of the island, any house in sight was without roof, electricity, water, telephone services have been disrupted and there’s was severe damage to property.”The team did manage to meet with a pocket of Guyanese living in St Marteen and they “all expressed the need for assistance in terms of building materials, water, bedding and items to make them comfortable.”He did report however, that while they would have been able to meet with a few representatives in St Marteen, “they were so badly affected that the level of preparation we expected there we did not have it so we did not meet large numbers of Guyanese, remember those persons were also affected by the Hurricane.”According to Felix, the team while in Tortola managed to meet with only a few scores of Guyanese estimated between 80 and 100.He told media operatives, the team did manage to traverse the British Overseas Territory where they were able to have a first-hand assessment of the extent of the damage in addition to meeting with BVI’s Premier, Dr Orlando Smith.According to Felix, while the requests from the Guyanese living in Tortola were similar to those in St Marten in relation to food and medical supplies, “they needed some addition.”He spoke to the need for vector control materials such as treated mosquito nets as a result of the mosquitos.Minister Felix was quick to also point out that during his meetings with Guyanese living in Tortola, “many of them did not want, they did not express a need to return to Guyana, those we met did not express a need to return to Guyana but they wanted their children to return.”He told media operatives that this request poses a situation that will have to be carefully managed given the immigration and other demands that could make the process a tedious one.“Unaccompanied children on travel, is never advisable particularly where the aircraft might not be one, a private charter, so that is a situation we have to manage carefully.”The Minister did point out that the Guyanese delegation has made some recommendations namely, Antigua be made the staging point or hub for the relief efforts and that children returning to Guyana should be accompanied by an adult.It was reported that the Guyana Government has agreed to also repatriate to Guyana, Dereck Ragnauth’s corpse, the 55 year-old Guyanese that perished in the BVI when his house collapsed killing him during Hurricane Irma. read more

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New Trump Administration Report on Climate Says Its Humans Fault

first_img Watch: Dolphin Leaps Feet Away From Unsuspecting SurferNASA Says 2 Asteroids Will Safely Fly By Earth This Weekend Let us know what you like about Geek by taking our survey. While Trump is a well-known climate change denier, his administration has just released one of the most damning reports yet on climate change.The National Climate Assessment is a whopping 470-page monster document that pulls together scores of the research paper and the absolute latest in the world’s data and understanding about how the Earth’s climate is shifting. It was mandated by the 1990 Global Change Research Act and is the fourth such report since the act went into effect.“For the warming over the last century, there is no convincing alternative explanation supported by the extent of the observational evidence,” the report reads. “This assessment concludes, based on extensive evidence, that it is extremely likely that human activities, especially emissions of greenhouse gases, are the dominant cause of the observed warming since the mid-20th century.”The report flies in the face of basically everything modern Republican leadership states. And that’s to say nothing of Trump or his appointees. EPA head Scott Pruitt has been hiring fossil fuel industry shills, barring climate scientists from advising the agency, and even appointing someone who believes that the air is too clean for children and that we should be pumping out more toxic shit.Wacky as that is, it’s actually pretty amazing that Trump didn’t do anything to interfere with the release of this report. Mandated by law though it may be, Trump’s EPA has been skirting norms and rules basically since Pruitt took office.“In addition to warming, many other aspects of global climate are changing, primarily in response to human activities,” the report adds. “Thousands of studies conducted by researchers around the world have documented changes in surface, atmospheric, and oceanic temperatures; melting glaciers; diminishing snow cover; shrinking sea ice; rising sea levels; ocean acidification; and increasing atmospheric water vapor.”These changes, the assessment warns are absolutely dire. We can expect more deadly heat waves, far more severe weather and sea level rises of up to eight feet by 2100. All of this puts millions of American lives at risk, severely compromises US businesses, poses a continued national security threat, and could have even more consequences that we cannot yet predict.“Without major reductions in emissions, the increase in annual average global temperature relative to pre-industrial times could reach 9°F (5°C) or more by the end of this century. With significant reductions in emissions, the increase in annual average global temperature could be limited to 3.6°F (2°C) or less.”All of this should be old hat to just about anyone who has read a science textbook in the last 30 years, but it’s yet another critical warning. We ignore these at our peril. Right now, the most effective tactic is to vote. Go out and put these ideas into action. If you want to take it a step further and are willing to make major lifestyle changes, going vegan, getting rid of your car, foregoing children and other strategies could help significantly curtail your own carbon footprint.The time for action is now. The science is in. This is one of the greatest threats to humanity in the coming years. Do something. Don’t be an ignorant idiot. Don’t be Trump.center_img Stay on targetlast_img read more

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Shaggy In Mortal Kombat Its Time For A HannaBarbera Fighting Game

first_img Sorry, You Can’t Date Keanu Reeves in ‘Cyberpunk 2077”Star Wars Pinball’ Has Your Favorite Brand in Ball Form Stay on target Let’s talk about Norville “Shaggy” Rogers from Scooby-Doo. He’s great! He’s got a talking dog. He introduced several generations of children to the idea of a functioning 1970s drug addict. He eats a bunch. He ushered in an era of amazing knock-offs. And he’s been played to perfection by underappreciated actors like Casey Kasem, Billy West, and Matthew Lillard.Shaggy is also the star of a hot new internet meme. After folks dug up this absurd clip of him beating up some bikers, and paired it with Dragon Ball music and sound effects, the new canon is that Shaggy’s cowardice belies the true incalculable strength of a fighting god capable of bending reality with just a fraction of his total power.Shaggy worship became so fervent that soon fans were petitioning his inclusion in the upcoming Mortal Kombat 11. After all, it’s a fighting game published by Warner Bros., so they have the rights to the character. The series has a history of guest characters, albeit ones ones more explicitly violent. And after NetherRealm previously put guests like Hellboy and the Ninja Turtles alongside Superman and Batman in Injustice 2, the sky seemed like the limit when it came to crossover characters.Unfortunately, right now Shaggy appears to be the actual limit. While revealing returning MK11 characters speedster Kabal and bug queen D’Vorah, the team confirmed that “dead meme” Shaggy would not make the cut. This is a bigger crime than denying Waluigi his spot in Super Smash Bros. Ultimate. And the best way to rectify it is to finally pull the trigger on a Hanna-Barbera fighting game.Think about it. What makes people love a fighting game? Yeah satisfying competitive mechanics help a lot. But at the end of the day it’s the characters. That’s why fighting games based on other properties are so beloved. They let us bash our Nintendo or Dragon Ball or Power Rangers toys against each other to see who would win in a fight. A good crossover fighting game needs a universe with a diverse roster of icons to pull from. Marvel and DC have that. Capcom and Tatsunoko and Shonen Jump have that.And Hanna-Barbera’s culturally important cost-cutting TV animation, one of the craziest cinematic universes, absolutely has that. Take a look at Boomerang and blow your mind with how many potential amazing characters a Hanna-Barbera fighting game could have. The game would need full-on tag-team battles to do the roster justice.Imagine a team of Shaggy, Space Ghost, and Fred Flintstone vs. Jabberjaw, Harvey Birdman, and that laughing dog from Wacky Races. Finally, we can beat up Yogi Bear’s smug ass. And that’s just if we stay limited to classic Hanna-Barbera characters. 90s Cartoon Network hits like The Powerpuff Girls, Johnny Bravo, and Dexter’s Laboratory technically fall under the Hanna-Barbera banner, too. Everyone is here!So yeah, if NetherRealm gets tired swapping between Mortal Kombat and Injustice games, WB should let them take a crack at the Hanna-Barbera fighting game we all deserve. Honestly, this wouldn’t even be that big a leap aesthetically after all of these mature Hanna-Barbera comic book reimaginings we’ve been getting these past few years. Or just let Shaggy develop it himself. It would only take 0.42069 percent of his power.For more on Hanna-Barbera insanity check out this WWE/Jetsons crossover and read our pitches for more Flintstones dinosaur slavery appliance ideas.last_img read more

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